Gila Ben
                                -- Friendliest Gila Monster in the Grand
                                Canyon State

Grand Canyon
Facts . . .

The Grand Canyon became a national monument in 1908, but wasn't designated as a national park until 1919.

The Grand Canyon is 277 miles long and up to 18 miles wide in some places
There are over  2,000 plant, bird, mammalian, reptile, amphibian, and fish species that live in the Canyon area.
At the bottom of the Canyon is the Colorado River. The Colorado is about 300 feet wide and 100 feet deep. It flows west at about four to five miles per hour.
There are about 160 rapids on the Colorado through Canyon. The rapids range from class 1 to class five.
The Canyon habitat varies from desert to forests on the rims.
The Grand Canyon is home to several native American tribes. The Havasupai is the only tribe that lives in the Canyon. 
There are over 2,700 known archaeological sites in the Grand Canyon National Park.
Human artifacts found at the Canyon so far date back about 10,000 years. People have been continuously using or living in the Grand Canyon area ever since then.
There are over 400 miles of trails within the Grand Canyon National Park.
The Santa Fe railway opened the El Tovar Hotel in 1905. Albert Einstein, playwright George Bernard Shaw, and author Zane Grey were some of the early famous guests who stayed the the El Tovar Hotel. Some of the US presidents who stayed there included Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, Gerald Ford, George H.W. Bush, Herbert Hoover, Calvin Coolidge, Dwight Eisenhower, and Bill Clinton.
The South Rim of the Grand Canyon is 7,000 feet above sea level. The North Rim is 1000 feet higher at 8,000 feet above sea level.
The inner Canyon is 2,570 feet above sea level.
Besides where there are rivers and creeks, the inner Canyon is all desert.
Summer temperatures range from 80 to 120°F in the inner Canyon.
Temperatures in the winter range from 20 to 65°F in the inner Canyon. 
Phantom Ranch, at the bottom of the Canyon, is the only place that offers accommodations in the inner Canyon.
On the North Rim
                              Grand Canyon Adventure Book about John
                              Wesley Powell

Download Gila Ben's
Free Coloring Book
book here.
                              Canyon Native American Ruins
Ancient Native American Ruins
                              Canyon Sunset
Sunset at the Canyon
                              Canyon below the rim
Below the North Rim

Grand Canyon National Park's Official Website


Arizona's Flag

State Fossil: Petrified Wood 

Capital City: Phoenix (see map)

State Mammal: Ringtail

State Amphibian: Arizona Tree Frog


State Reptile: Ridge-nosed Rattlesnake

State Bird: Cactus Wren

State Tree: Palo Verde

State Fish: Apache Trout

Fun Facts Rock

State Flower: Saguaro Cactus Blossom

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